The Eeyou Marine Region Land Claims Agreement (the “Offshore Agreement”) is the result of 10 years of negotiations on the rights and obligations of the Crees and Canada in the offshore area of Eeyou Istchee. This area is known as the Eeyou Marine Region (EMR), or in other words, the area of the offshore that the Crees have traditionally occupied and used.
This Treaty, like other Canadian treaties with Aboriginal peoples, basically acknowledges Cree ownership and other rights to certain areas in the offshore and it is also a recognition by the Crees that certain Canadian laws apply in these areas. The rights in this Agreement belong to all Crees, those that live on the coast and those that live inland. As such, for the purposes of this Treaty a majority of all eligible Crees have indicated their acceptance of the Offshore Agreement by referendum. Therefore, all Crees enrolled as beneficiaries under the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement are automatically enrolled as beneficiaries under this Agreement.