The Crees have the exclusive right to harvest certain species and they have the right to harvest any species of wildlife in the Eeyou Marine Region to fulfill their economic, social and cultural needs. Some restrictions may be considered to allow for conservation.
The Eeyou Marine Region Wildlife Board (EMRWB) is established as the main instrument for managing wildlife in the EMR. The board has four members appointed by the Cree Nation Government (Gordon Blackned as Chairperson; Aurélie Bourbeau-Lemieux, Fred Tomatuk and one vacant position), one member appointed by the Government of Nunavut (Pitta Kattuk) and two members appointed by the Government of Canada (Claude Saint-Charles as Vice-Chairperson and one vacant position).
The EMRWB works closely with the Cree Trappers Association in carrying out its mandate. It is involved in research on wildlife in the EMR and manages a special $5 million Wildlife Research Fund provided by the Government of Canada.
Certain decisions of the Wildlife Board may be subject to review and approval by the government.
The Crees may become involved in the coordinated management of marine species over the entire James Bay and Hudson Bay (outside the EMR).